Cannabis and cannabinoids
Cannabis or marijuana is a plant that is widely used for various purposes around the world. Two of these reasons include medical purposes and use to achieve high euphoria or a feeling of euphoria.
Cannabinoids are the chemicals in the plant that react with the brain to achieve these goals.
History of medical use of Cannabis
The use of cannabis for medicinal purposes dates back to 2900 BC. Chinese cannabis use goes back to written books. At that time, it was thought to have healing powers and could be used to treat various ailments.
Around 1000 BC The Egyptians used cannabis to treat eye problems and to treat inflammation. Interestingly, it was also used as an anesthetic when mixed with other fluids. It was highly regarded in respected written works of the time including the Bible.
In the 1600s, the settlers brought the cannabis factory to North America. At that time, it was used to treat depression and other mental health problems in England. In the West, it has been widely used as mainstream medicine to use cannabis to treat inflammation, headaches, insomnia, and menstrual cramps.
In the early 1900s, the era of prohibition or the period during which the sale of alcoholic beverages was illegal in the United States began. This era brought with it changes in the mentality regarding the regulation of alcohol and drugs. Ten states created laws prohibiting marijuana during this period.
Cannabis has also been grown in other regions of the United States for medicinal purposes over the next few decades. It has been included in pharmaceutical publications and manuals as a treatment option.
It was not until the mid-1950s that cannabis was considered illegal. In 1970, the use of marijuana was criminalized by the Controlled Substances Act and classified as medically unrecognized.
In the late 1970s, several medical organizations began experimenting with the use of cannabis to treat patients who experienced nausea as a side effect of chemotherapy. This experimental treatment was generally considered successful, and in the early 1990s, the first states began to allow cannabis for medical purposes. The first federal state to legalize medical marijuana was in California in 1996.
History of recreational use of Cannabis
When used for leisure, cannabis has psychoactive effects or major effects on the mental processes of the brain. The effects on the recovery after recovery include a sense of relaxation and a high. It also causes a bodily reaction of the eyes that become reddened, impair motor skills, and lower blood pressure.
The physical and psychological effects of the plant begin within 30 minutes when it is taken oraly , and can last up to 6 hours or within minutes when smoking it.
The history of cannabis use for recreational purposes can be estimated around 2700 BC. To be dated. It has been used in Muslim countries, China and India due to intoxicating properties of cannabis.
When cannabis was introduced to North America in the 1600s, it was grown mainly as a crop. It was not until the time of Prohibition that its recreational use by individuals and those participating in social clubs was widespread - even within states where use was prohibited.
In the 1960s, the use of recreational purposes was considered an act of rebellion over authority, and its use was widespread over several generations.
However, after the adoption of the Controlled Substances Act in 1970, recreational use declined - especially after Mexico, a major US subcontractor, had agreed to kill the majority of its cannabis harvest.
How cannabis works in the brain?
There are different types of cannabinoids. One type is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) , the primary psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant. Tetrahydrocannabinol is also the cannabinoid that affects the receptors of the brain or Endocannabinoid System (ECS) to provide pain relief and anti-inflammatory effects.
Another type of cannabinoid is cannabidiol (CBD) , which is not psychoactive. It is known that this cannabinoid affects the receptors of the brain and relieves the effects of nausea and anxiety.
There are many other cannabinoids that have a number of effects on the body, including cannabinol, cannabigerol and cannabicyclol.
Cannabis has two main applications: medicine and leisure. The main active ingredient that is important to both are THC and CBD.
Let's review the history of medical use:
- The use of cannabis for medicinal purposes dates back to 2900 BC.
- Cannabis was brought to North America in the 1600s to treat mental health problems.
- In 1970, cannabis use was considered illegal for medical purposes
- California became the first US state in 1996 to legalize the use of medical marijuana.
Now let's go through the history of recreational use:
- The use of recreational cannabis goes back to about 2700 BC back.
- The era of prohibition in the United States spurred on its recreational use. In 1970, the Controlled Substances Act criminalized the consumption of recreational marijuana.
Finally, let's summarize some of the most important types of cannabinoids:
THC has both medical and psychoactive effects, while CBD are known for their medicinal properties.
Do not forget about terpenes.